Difference between USB3.0 and USB2.0


2014-03-08

USB3.0 vs. USB2.0

 

USB 3.0, the latest version of USB (Universal Serial Bus), provides better speed and more efficient power management than USB 2.0. USB 3.0 is backward compatible with USB 2.0 devices; 10 times faster than USB 2.0.

 

Professional DANNOVO USB HD 1080P PTZ Cameras are using USB3.0, USB2.0 is not powerful and faster enough for getting full HD 1080P video stream in smoothly and without losing.

 

Comparison Chart:


Picture:
Released: April 2000 November 2008
Speed: High Speed or HS, 480 Mbps (Megabits per second) 10 times faster than USB 2.0. Super Speed or SS, 4.8 Gbps (Giga bits per second)
Signaling Method: Polling mechanism i.e can either send or receive data (Half duplex) Asynchronous mechanism i.e. can send and receive data simultaneously (Full duplex)
Price: For a similar product, the USB 2.0 version is generally less expensive than its USB 3.0 version. For a similar product, the USB 3.0 version is generally more expensive than its USB 2.0 version.
Power Usage: Up to 500 mA Up to 900 mA. Allows better power efficiency with less power for idle states. Can power more devices from one hub.
Number of wires within the cable: 4 9
Standard-A Connectors: Grey in color Blue in color

 

USB 3.0 Highlights and Benefits over USB 2.0

 

Transfer rates - USB 2.0 offers transfer rates of 480 Mbps and USB 3.0 offers transfer rates of 4.8 Gbps - thats 10 times faster.
Addition of another physical bus - The amount of wires has been doubled, from 4 to 8. Additional wires require more space in both the cables and connectors, so there are new types of connectors.
Power consumption - USB 2.0 provides up to 500 mA whereas USB 3.0 provides up to 900 mA. The USB 3 devices will provide more power when needed and conserve power when the device is connected but idling.
More bandwidth - instead of one-way communication, USB 3.0 uses two unidirectional data paths, one to receive data and the other to transmit while USB 2.0 can only handle only one direction of data at any time.
Improved bus utilization - a new feature has been added (using packets NRDY and ERDY) to let a device asynchronously notify the host of its readiness.

 

When data is being transferred through USB 3.0 Devices, cables and connectors transaction is initiated by the host making a request followed by a response from the device. The device either accepts the request or rejects it. If accepted then device sends data or accepts data from the host. If there is lack of buffer space or data, it responds with a Not Ready (NRDY) signal to tell the host that it is not able to process the request. When the device is ready then, it will send an Endpoint Ready (ERDY) to the host which will then reschedule the transaction.

 

Physical Differences


USB 3.0 Connectors are different from USB 2.0 Connectors and the 3.0 connectors are usually colored blue on the inside in order to distinguish them from the 2.0 connectors.Various types of USB Connectors (click to enlarge). From Left to Right: Micro USB Type AB, Micro USB Type B, USB 2.0 Type A, USB 2.0 Type B, USB 3.0 Type A, USB 3.0 Type B, USB 3.0 Type Micro B, Min USB Type A connector.

 

Backward Compatible


USB 3.0 is compatible with USB 2.0. However, the USB 3.0 product will perform at the same level as a USB 2.0 product, so speed and power benefits will not be fully realized.
USB 3.0 receptacles are electrically compatible with USB Standard 2.0 device plugs if they physically match. USB 3.0 type-A plugs and receptacles are completely backward compatible, and USB 3.0 type-B receptacles will accept
USB 2.0 and earlier plugs. However, USB 3.0 type-B plugs will not fit into USB 2.0 and earlier receptacles.
This means that USB 3.0 cables cannot be used with USB 2.0 and USB 1.1 peripherals, although USB 2.0 cables can be used with USB 3.0 devices, if at USB 2.0 speeds.
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